Laws for the protection of privacy have been adopted worldwide. Today, most countries have laws protecting personal data from misuse and destruction. Regulation and enforcement of data protection varies from country to country.There is no single law in the United States that provides a comprehensive treatment of data protection or privacy issues. In addition to the constitutional interpretations provided by the courts and the international agreements mentioned above, there have been a number of laws and executive orders dealing specifically with the concept of data protection. The most important and broad based of these laws are the Privacy Act of 1974 and the Computer Matching and Privacy Act.
The United States is a member of the OECD’s Working Party on Information Security and Privacy (WPISP).